Cell-Based Therapy – Frequently Asked Questions

What are Stem Cells?

Stem cells are unique cells in our body which have the ability to become many different types of cells. They are our body’s natural repair mechanism when we sustain injuries or develop wear and tear of our joints, such as in arthritis. Our body stores stem cells in our bone marrow, fat, and organs, and calls them into action when needed. When we sustain an injury, the injured area releases chemicals which send signals to the stem cells to start the repair process. This is how we heal.

As we age our body still has plenty of stored stem cells, but may not be able to mobilize them effectively to treat an injured area. This is especially true of areas with restricted blood flow – such as joints.

Where are Stem Cells Found?

Stem cells can be found in just about any area of our body, however they are most abundant in our bone marrow and fat tissue. These stem cell “storage areas” provide a ready source which can be harvested in a simple and safe fashion.

How can Stem Cells Help Joints Heal?

Stem cells can help repair injured or degenerated tissues in our body. For instance, as cartilage in our joints degenerates and causes orthopedic problems, stem cells have the ability to regenerate cartilage, lessening pain and improving function.

How can Stem Cells be Used?

Doctors can use simple, minimally invasive outpatient procedures to transfer stem cells from a patient’s body’s storage sites to areas where they are needed. Stem cells can be safely removed from the body’s bone marrow, blood, and fat tissue and delivered to injured or degenerated areas of the body.

How Quickly do Stem Cells Start to Work

While stem cells begin the repair process immediately, it may take weeks or months before patients may notice an improvement in their symptoms.

What Are Some Other Aspects Of Stem Cell Regenerative Science That Is Important?

Our Orthopedists Recommend Supplements to Turn on Telomerase. Any clinic that is involved with stem cells, PRP and regenerative medicine needs to consider the Telomeres or the ends of the DNA strand.

Above, we see a diagram of the Telomere or end of the DNA strand. On the left we see an embryonic (young) cell with a long telomere while on the right we see an adult (old) stem cell with a much shorter telomere. The telomeres are disposable buffers blocking the ends of the chromosomes. They are consumed during cell division meaning every time a cell reproduces it loses a small snippet of DNA. When the DNA reaches a certain critical length the cell is programed to die. This explains the basis of most diseases and aging in general. A good practical example of this phenomenon concerns Dolly the Cloned sheep. Dolly was produced from an adult cell which was induced to reproduce. A new sheep was reproduced or cloned but Dolly died of old age at a young age because her DNA was old. If we can stem the tide on telomere degradation we will dramatically increase stem cell effectiveness.


There is an enzyme which eliminates telomere damage and it is called telomerase. The problem is that most cells have the ability to produce telomerase but this ability is turned off or silenced and thus damage continues relentlessly. If we turn telomerase back on or at least slow down the degradation then stem cells will be more effective. We do know certain supplements can help achieve this goal. Our clinic prides itself in recommending these supplements. This may be one of the most important new frontiers in stem cell science and probably all of medicine.

Am I Eligible to Receive Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem cell therapy is not the best course of treatment for some types of conditions. Please complete our Patient Eligibility Form and a NIRM representative will contact you to schedule a free consultation. You can learn more about some of the conditions we treat on our Services page.